Bladder cancer diagnosis

common & treatable

Every year, about 80,000 adults in the US receive a diagnosis of bladder cancer. Our specialists are highly experienced in the successful treatment of this common cancer.

bladder cancer treatment

What is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is a cancer that occurs in the lining of the urinary bladder. This lining, known as the urothelium, lines the inside of the kidneys and ureters, the tubes that drain the kidneys into the bladder.

What to look for

The earliest sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine and sometimes frequent or urgent urination. However, these same symptoms can be caused by non-cancerous conditions such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and an enlarged prostate gland. See your physician for a definitive diagnosis.

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Urology of St Louis

How it’s diagnosed

Bladder cancer is diagnosed by a urologist using a small telescope to evaluate the lining of the bladder (cystoscopy). Other diagnostic methods include urine cytology (evaluating a urine sample for abnormal cells) and imaging (ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and CT urogram) to detect abnormalities in the bladder, kidneys or ureters. If a growth or tumor is noted, a biopsy or tissue sampling will be performed.

Looking for a second opinion?

We understand how overwhelming it can be to face a recent urologic cancer diagnosis. Our team of experts is here to provide a second opinion, empowering you to make well-informed decisions about your treatment and giving you the peace of mind you deserve. Schedule an appointment with us today, and let’s explore your options together.

Treating Your Cancer

Ready to learn more? Contact us today to get started.

TURBT (transurethral resection of bladder tumor) is a procedure where the urologist uses a cystoscope to shave the bladder tumor off the inside wall of the bladder. TURBT is typically performed in the operating room under general anesthesia as an outpatient or same-day procedure. Occasionally, a catheter is needed after the procedure to help the bladder heal. Your urologist can determine if further treatment is needed based on the tumor features.

Intravesical Therapy involves placing medication into the bladder to help prevent cancer from recurring and potentially progressing. Often, this is a chemotherapy or immunotherapy drug that is placed into the bladder once a week for a period of time. The medication is instilled into the bladder through a temporary catheter.

Partial cystectomy is an alternative to complete bladder removal (radical cystectomy) for very special situations, such as when invasive bladder cancer is noted on TURBT and there is no other cancer elsewhere in the bladder. The tumor must be located in a certain area of the bladder for partial cystectomy to be considered.

Chemotherapy is medication given to treat bladder cancer when it has advanced through the first layers of the bladder or spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy may be indicated either before or after surgery. Your urologist will often work with a medical oncologist who specializes in chemotherapy to help make those decisions.

Radiation Therapy may be used to treat bladder cancer after a TURBT is performed. Often this is combined with chemotherapy. Learn more about our radiation services at our Center of Excellence.

Meet the Bladder Cancer Doctors

Louis Aliperti

Dr. Louis Aliperti

Jacob Ark

Dr. Jacob Ark

Dr. Greg Auffenberg Urology of St. Louis

Dr. Gregory Auffenberg

Steven Bigg

Dr. Steven Bigg

Andrew Blackburne

Dr. Andrew Blackburne

David Bryan

Dr. David Bryan

William Critchlow

Dr. William Critchlow

Chris Jaeger

Dr. Christopher Jaeger

Demetri Katsikas

Dr. Demetrios Katsikas

Ronan Lev

Dr. Ronan Lev

J Perry Lovinggood

Dr. J. Perry Lovinggood

Michael Marcus

Dr. Michael Marcus

John McCarthy, MD

Dr. John McCarthy

Jeff Parres 007

Dr. Jeffery Parres

Asim Razzaq, MD Urology of St. Louis

Dr. Asim Razzaq

James Ryback

Dr. James Rybak

Steve Schneider 015

Dr. Steven Schneider

Matt Spellman

Dr. Matthew Spellman

Seth Strope

Dr. Seth Strope

Brad White Urology of St. Louis

Dr. Brad White

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